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Global climate change is reaching critical mass. Since the advent of the industrial revolution, we have seen the global mean temperatures raise by 1°C (1.8 °F) and major steps must be taken by 2030 in order to mitigate an even larger global temperature increase of 1.5-3C as predicted by 2030.1 In other words, we are in dire need of change.

 

This change is not only reliant on governmental policy change, but is a change that we must all make individually. Personal responsibility is key to reducing this detrimental change to our planet. From drinking less bottled water to carpooling, every personal action can play a major role in impacting our planet’s well-being.

 

In 2018, the American Medical Association passed a resolution to “divest from companies that get the majority of their income from fossil fuels.”2 This was a huge step forward for the AMA and doctors everywhere who advocate for change in the practice of medicine.

The divestiture is much larger than just moving investments away from fossil fuel companies, it also includes a pledge that states that the AMA will only do business with vendors that have environmental sustainability policies. This move shows that the AMA, and doctors across the United States, are ready to make impactful changes that can serve as a template for other industries in the fight against climate change.

 

The AMA took a similar stance against the tobacco industry in the early 1980s, and was able to divest $1.4 million dollars from its pension fund.3 This separation from the tobacco industry shifted the public’s view of cigarettes, and the positive effects are still being felt today. The move that the AMA made to divest from fossil fuels will, hopefully,  have similar effects .

 

In terms of dermatological health, there are many diseases that have seen increases that are related to climate change:

 

  • Lyme disease has tripled over the past 20 years and this believed to be due to the increased geographic distribution of the white tailed deer and Ixodes tick, the natural vector of the bacteria that causes Lyme disease.4 Dermatologists play an important role in early diagnosis of this disease due to its distinct targetoid rash pattern.

 

  • Fungal infections such as coccidioidomycosis have also seen increases in the Pacific Northwest. These fungal diseases were once only seen in the American Southwest, but have seen a surge in occurrences due to climate change creating new regions where the fungi can thrive.5

 

  • Skin Cancer is the most common cancer in the United States and 1 in 5 adults will have it in their lifetime.6 Over the past several decades there has been decreasing stratospheric ozone layer from chlorofluorocarbon release from aerosols, has led to increased UV exposure to human skin and increases in skin cancer. It is estimated that 1% loss in the ozone layer leads to an increase of 1-2% incidence of melanoma.7 In addition, warmer temperatures are directly correlated with people spending more time outside which leads to UV radiation exposure and further increases the risk of skin cancer.

 

These are only a few of the many diseases that have seen increases due to climate change. With wildfires and floods becoming more common and serious in the United States, the burden of climate change is becoming more pronounced.

 

It is no longer a political talking point or a problem for tomorrow. There are real ramifications to our actions that are being felt now. “In 2013, over 9100 scientists authored more than 2250 climate change articles with broad agreement on climate change.”8 There is an overwhelming consensus in the scientific community that climate change is real, and it is happening now.

 

These changes may seem daunting and insurmountable, but this is not the case. There are many things you can do to reduce your impact on climate change. Here are some things to consider:

  • Use LED light bulbs
  • Change home filters regularly and maintain air conditioners and heaters
  • Avoid plastic bottles; drink tap water if possible
  • Choose an electric or low emission vehicle
  • Carpool, ride a bicycle, or walk to places when you can
  • Encourage your friends and family to conserve and recycle
  • Reduce red meat consumption - this decreases methane release from meat production. Methane is a chemical that increases the greenhouse effect, like carbon dioxide, and thus increases the warming of our planet.

For more suggestions, please see the resources for climate change education we have posted on our Climate Change page.

 

Check out our Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/fivensonderm/) for more updates and stay tuned for more blog posts about dermatology news, tips, and insight!

 

You can also visit us on https://www.fivensondermatology.com/patient-resources.html for more patient resources about skin health!

 

Feel free to leave a comment below talking about your experiences, and what you have done to be more green! We would love to hear your input on the topic.

 

 

Citations:

[1] Dermatol, J. (n.d.). Dermatologists' role critical in depoliticizing climate change. Retrieved from https://www.healio.com/dermatology/practice-management/news/online/{bb70fa29-8fbc-463a-84e9-c1f2f9b7cdea}/dermatologists-role-critical-in-depoliticizing-climate-change

[2] AMA Passes Resolution on Divesting from Fossil Fuels. (2018, July 05). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.psr.org/blog/2018/06/13/ama-passes-resolution-on-divesting-from-fossil-fuels/

[3] AMA drops tobacco stocks. (1981, September 29). Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.upi.com/Archives/1981/09/29/AMA-drops-tobacco-stocks/3951370584000/

[4] Kaffenberger, B. H., & Rosenbach, M. (2017). The effect of climate change on skin disease in North America. JAAD. Retrieved April 16, 2019.

[5] Kaffenberger, B. H., & Rosenbach, M. (2017). The effect of climate change on skin disease in North America. JAAD. Retrieved April 16, 2019.

[6] Bharath, A. K., & Turner, R. J. (2009, June 01). Impact of climate change on skin cancer. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2697050/

[7] Bharath, A. K., & Turner, R. J. (2009, June 01). Impact of climate change on skin cancer. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2697050/

[8] Khalifian, S., & Rosenbach, M. (2018). Dermatology, climate change, and the perils of attacks on expertise. JAAD. Retrieved April 16, 2019.

 

By Sultan Qiblawi
May 15, 2019
Category: Uncategorized
Tags: Skin   Summer   Sunscreen   UV  

 

 

With summer right around the corner, most of us will be outside more often and enjoying the sunshine. From traveling across the world, to hanging at the beach. There is one thing we can all count on when the temperature goes up; more sun exposure! While getting some sunlight is very important, it is also important to protect your skin from too much sun exposure. Here’s how you can get ready with our 5 tips for summer skin health.

 

1. Avoid the sun from 11am to 3pm!

Why? These are the hours that harmful UVA and UVB rays are the strongest. Both Ultraviolet A and Ultraviolet B rays have been linked to skin cancer and it is important to avoid going outside when these rays are the most abundant.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, skin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S, and will affect 1 in 5 Americans during their lifetime. Due to this fact, it is important to avoid excessive amounts of UVA and UVB, if possible.

2. Cover Up!

Wear clothing that covers your skin and a hat. Long sleeves and sun hats are helpful for reducing the amount of harmful rays that reach your skin. Look for clothing that have a UPF rating of 50+ as this provides the best UVA and UVB protection.

UPF is the ultraviolet protection factor and it measures the amount of UV rays the clothing blocks from reaching your skin.  UPF measures the fraction of ultraviolet waves that can penetrate the clothing fabric.Example UPF 50: allows just 1/50th of sun’s UV radiation to reach the skin

3. Use sunscreen - the right way!

If you are going out, wear a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or greater.

 

Make sure to apply the sunscreen 15 to 30 minutes before you go out.

 

Apply sunscreen to all bare skin. For adults this means 1 ounce to fully cover the body surface.

 

Use a broad spectrum sunscreen. This means that the sunscreen protects the skin from UVA and UVB rays, which have both been shown to cause cancer.

 

Use a sunscreen that is water resistant. Look for sunscreens that are water resistant (meaning they are water resistant for 40 minutes) or ‘very water resistant’ (which means they are water resistant for 80 minutes). It is important to note that sunscreens are NOT waterproof or sweatproof, so you must reapply them every 2 hours or after swimming or sweating.

 

4. Avoid tanning beds!

 

A “base tan” does not reduce sunburns, it just results in more overall UV exposure.UV light  damages the DNA of your skin, which increases the risk of getting skin cancer.

 

Tanning beds can also lead to premature aging, wrinkles, and age spots.

 

5. Can I use that bottle of sunscreen from last summer?

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, The FDA requires that all sunscreens retain their original strength for at least 3 years (as long as kept in the dark and at room temperature).

Look for an expiration date on the sunscreen, some will include it, but others will not. If it is expired, throw it away because it will not be as effective. If you buy a sunscreen without an expiration date, write the date you bought it on the bottle, so you know when to throw it out (3 years from the date of purchase).

Look for changes in consistency of the sunscreen, or any changes in the color. These can be signs to throw it away and buy a new bottle.

 

Like and subscribe to our Facebook page:  https://www.facebook.com/fivensonderm/ and keep reading our future posts for more skin health tips! You can also visit us on https://www.fivensondermatology.com/patient-resources.html for more patient resources about skin health!

Check out these great resources for more skin health tips:

 

American Academy of Dermatology: https://www.aad.org

Skin Cancer Foundation: https://www.skincancer.org

Melanoma: How can you avoid too much sun?: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK321123/

 

Sultan Qiblawi

Fivenson Dermatology

 

By David Fivenson MD
May 23, 2018
Category: None
Tags: Untagged

Welcome to Our Blog!

David Fivenson MD would like to welcome you to our blog. Here you will find informative and useful postings about dermatology care and our practice.

At David Fivenson MD we believe that educated patients are better prepared to make decisions regarding their skin health and wellbeing.  Our blog was designed to provide you with valuable skin health care information, the latest dermatology developments and skin care advice from our dedicated team. 

David Fivenson MD hopes you find our blog to be a great resource for keeping up to date with proper skin care and treatments.

We welcome all comments and questions.

-- David Fivenson MD





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